Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.
But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.  He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.
This Bible Study was originally written by Roger Christopherson,
published at http://www.theseason.org/
Without the leading by the Holy Spirit, there is no understanding of the truths, for all the truth of the Scriptures are revealed to us by God's Spirit.
Now here is our revised study of: Christopherson's Genesis 32.
Genesis Chapter 32"Jacob's Vision; The Reconciliation of Esau."
Remember when Jacob was on his way to Haran to get his wife, and he had his vision of the angels of God ascending and descending from the throne of God? Jacob had another encounter with these angels of God on His way home. A host of the angels of God were above him.
Genesis 32:2 "And when Jacob saw them, he said, "This is God's host:" and he called the name of that place Mahanaim."
When Jacob saw them he identified that place, "Mahanaim", which in the Hebrew means "the host of the two camps". When Jacob was back in Haran, working for his father-in-law, Laban, God told Jacob to return back to Canaan; "And I will be with you." So we see that Jacob had no reason to be concerned in fear for loss to property, or his life. Jacob was doing what God had instructed him to do, and was within the will of God, and now this shows us that when things go a little bad, God will lead you through it if you remain in His will. This is what faith is all about.
While Laban was accusing Jacob and threatening him, all the time right above Jacob was a host of God's protective angels. When God makes a promise to you, how strong is your faith in God, to rely on Him to keep His promise to you.
Genesis 32:3 "And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom."
The word "Esau" means "hairy", as he was named after his physical characteristics. The Word "Edom" means "red", and Esau's people are known as the red nation to this day. The name of Red, or Edom was given to Esau when he sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of red pottage, as recorded in Genesis 25:30.
The last time Jacob left the land of Canaan, Esau was intending to kill him for taking what was rightly his; Isaac's blessing to be passed on to the next generation. So now Jacob is sending an ambassador to Esau because he had threatened to kill him.
Genesis 32:4 "And he commanded them, saying, "thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now:"
Jacob is sending word that he has stayed with their uncle Laban, and is bringing news from the family.
Genesis 32:5 "And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight."
Jacob wants Esau to know that in the past twenty years that he has been gone God has blessed him well.
Genesis 32:6 "And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, "We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him."
"four hundred men with him", means that Esau is either going to set the score right, or help him on his journey back home. Esau is going to bring enough help to make it a pleasant journey. However Jacob has his doubts about that. Is Esau bringing four hundred men to say brother I love you, or is he bringing the men to kill Jacob's entire household.
Genesis 32:7 "Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands;"
Remember that God has said that He would be with Jacob if he would just go there, and we have just seen that God had also revealed his angels to Jacob, yet Jacob is going to be cautious over the matter. God still expects us to use good judgment in times of stress, where danger is around.
Genesis 32:8 "And said, "If Esau come to the one company, and smite it, then the other company which is left shall escape."
Genesis 32:9 "And Jacob said, "O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the Lord Which saidst unto me, "Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee:"
A little doubt is creeping into Jacob's mind, so Jacob thinks he has to remind God of the promise that God made to him.
Genesis 32:10 "I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which Thou hast shewed unto Thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands."
Genesis 32:11 "Deliver me, I pray Thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the mother with the children."
Jacob is either being too careful, or lacking faith, but Jacob is laying it all out before the Lord. Jacob has already been assured of safe passage, however he is seeking reassurance here.
Genesis 32:12 "And Thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude."
God is reassuring His promises to Jacob, just like a father does all the time with his little child. We must be careful when we reason with ourselves over our Heavenly Father's promises. Out of that reason comes doubt. With this reassurance God is giving to Jacob, will create trust in his mind.
Genesis 32:13 "And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau his brother;"
Jacob is now going to take a little action to try to please his brother Esau.
Genesis 32:14 "Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams,"
Genesis 32:15 "Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty she asses, and ten fouls."
Genesis 32:16 "And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto his servants, "Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove."
Jacob is now going to soften up his brothers heart with a plan to consume time, and see his brother's reaction.
Genesis 32:17 "And he commanded the foremost, saying, "When Esau my brother meeteth thee, and asketh thee, saying, Whose art thou? and whither goest thou? and whose are these before thee?"
Genesis 32:18 "Then thou shalt say, "They be thy servant Jacob's; it is a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, also he is behind us."
Did you catch that, "They be thy servant Jacob's"; Jacob is submitting himself completely to Esau, and showing respect. We knows that in the years to come the roles will be completely reversed, with Esau's generations serving and seeking protection through Jacob's generations.
Genesis 32:19 "And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed the droves, saying "On this manner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him."
Jacob is stretching his caravan out in front of himself for protection, with many droves of animals spread apart, and Jacob and his wives and children in the far rear. Would you go to that much trouble if you knew and saw the host of God was just over your head.
Genesis 32:20 "And say ye moreover, "Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us." For he said, "I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me."
With all of Jacob's good plans, he wants to be sure that Esau knows that his intentions are to appease him for what ever he did in the past.
Genesis 32:21 "So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company."
Jacob stayed behind with the women and children.
Genesis 32:22 "And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womanservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok."
Genesis 32:23 "And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had."
Genesis 32:24 "And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a Man with him until the breaking of the day."
In the night Jacob sent all the animals and servants and his family across the river, and he stayed behind to wrestle with "a man". All night long the fight went on, until the sun arose in the morning. Let's find out who that man was who wrestled with Jacob.
This fight is referred to in Hosea 12:3 - 5; "He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God:  Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he found him in Beth'-el, and there he spake with us;  Even the lord God of hosts; the Lord is his memorial. "
Bethel is the place where Jacob had his vision of the ladder and the angels ascending and descending upon it into heaven; while the identity of the man Jacob struggled with through the night was the Lord.
Genesis 32:25 "And when He saw that He prevailed not against him, He touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as He wrestled with him."
God had a special love for Jacob, yet Jacob is trying God's patience, for even after God had shown him the army of angels over him, and verbally promised him, Jacob still could not move out in faith. Jacob was a fighter and contender, and God wanted to test the man that His plan was to rely upon.
God could have done him in at any moment, but Jacob just wouldn't quite fighting. That is the type of man that he was. God just touched Jacob in the brawl, and through his hip out of joint, and God became very pleased with the one He had chosen. God now knew that His chosen one was not a person to hid behind the children and women's skirts, but one that would stand his ground.
Genesis 32:26 "And He said, "Let Me go, for the day breaketh." And he said, "I will not let Thee go, except Thou bless me."
This is God speaking to let him go. Yet Jacob is demand of God that He bless him, and he will not stop until then. What does God think of that?
Genesis 32:27 "And He said unto him, "What is thy name?" And he said, "Jacob"."
"Jacob" means heel-grabber. Even in the womb Jacob wrestled with his brother.
Genesis 32:28 "And He said, "Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed."
"Israel" means "The prince that prevailed with God". It is God that changed the name of Jacob to Israel.
Genesis 32:29 "And Jacob asked Him, and said, "Tell me, I pray Thee, Thy name." And He said, "Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after My name?" And He blessed him there."
God did not tell Jacob his name, but He did bless Jacob, who is now called Israel. God would not reveal His name until hundreds of years later, when He revealed His holy Name to Moses on Mount Sinai. That name is "I am that I am."
Genesis 32:30 "And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: "for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved."
"Peniel" the face of God. It was believed to that period of time that if you had seen God one on one, that you would die, however Jacob lived to tell about it. Jacob saw God face to face, and after that meeting Jacob [Israel] was a changed man.
Genesis 32:31 "And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh."
This meeting and fighting with God had left him crippled. Jacob wrestled with God and now will pay the price.
Remember after Paul had been in the third heaven God placed a thorn in his side also to humble him before men. It was a reminder to both Israel and Paul of their visit with God, and both were left lame, while receiving blessings from the Heavenly Father.
"Genesis 32:32 "Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because He touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank."
The "sinew" is a tendon in Jacob's upper leg, and when it shrank, it left Jacob crippled.
God expects his children to gain knowledge from His word, and when we are given that knowledge through His Word, and with the help of His Spirit, He expects us to fight many of our own battles. When the need arises though, He is ready to help. We are given the power over Satan, and the authority to order him in Jesus name, not our own.
In Luke 10:18 and 19 and 20; "And He [Jesus] said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.  Behold, I give unto you power to tread power [authority] of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you." 
That is our authority today over Satan, the evil spirits, or any person who is acting in behalf of Satan's realm, and intending to do you harm. Then Jesus goes on to say; "Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your name is written in heaven," 
You have power over Satan in as much as concerning you or your family, and God not only gives us that right, but expects us to use it as instructed by His Word.
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